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Diego Rivera - Sueño de una Tarde Dominical en la Alameda Central, 1947

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#SueñoDeUnaTardeDominicalEnLaAlamedaCentral_1947

#InDreamOfASundayAfternoonInAlamedaCentralPark_1947

#DiegoRivera

#Art

#ContemporaryArt

#FineArt

#艺术

#当代艺术

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Artwork Detail:

Artist: Diego Rivera

Title: Sueño de una Tarde Dominical en la Alameda Central, 1947 (Mexican); In Dream of a Sunday Afternoon in Alameda Central Park, 1947 (English)

Medium: Fresco mural located in Mexico City

Size: 614.17 x 185.04 in. (1560 x 470 cm.)

・・・

Description:

In Dream of a Sunday Afternoon in Alameda Central Park, hundreds of characters from Mexico’s history gather for a stroll through Mexico City’s largest park. The mural is a surrealist scene, complete with historical personages, which portrays 400 years of Mexican history. Read from left to right, the mural chronologically progresses from the conquest and colonization of Mexico (left), to the Mexican Revolution (center) through to the modern era (right). Prominent figures represented in the mural include: Hernán Cortés, the Spanish conqueror who initiated the fall of the Aztec Empire; Sor Juana, a seventeenth-century nun and one of Mexico’s most notable writers; Porfirio Díaz, whose dictatorship at the turn of the twentieth century inspired the Mexican Revolution; and President Benito Juárez, who restored the republic after French occupation.

The center scene of the mural has been described as a snapshot of bourgeois life in 1895 Mexico — refined ladies and gentlemen promenade in their Sunday best, under the watchful eye of Porfirio Díaz in his plumed military garb. One gets a sense of the inequality which stirred Mexican commoners to overthrow the dictatator Porfirio Díaz and establish their independence.

The centerpeice of the mural is a self-portrait of Rivera, standing with his wife, artist Frida Kahlo, printmaker and draughtsman, José Guadalupe Posada, and Posada’s Catrina Skeleton character. Catrina was a slang term in early Twentieth Century Mexico, to describe an elegant, upper-class Mexican woman who dressed in European fashion.

Posada’s depiction of La Catrina as a skeleton was understood to be a critique of the Mexican elite. Rivera adorns La Calavera Catrina with an elaborate boa necklace, representative of the feathered Mesoamerican serpent god Quetzalcóatl.

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這幅壁畫 - In Dream of a Sunday Afternoon in Alameda Central Park,描繪了來自墨西哥歷史的數百名人物聚集在墨西哥城最大的公園 - Alameda Central Parkl中漫步。壁畫是一個超現實主義的場景,有歷史人物,描繪了墨西哥400年的歷史。從左到右閱讀,壁畫按時間順序從墨西哥的征服和殖民化(左),到墨西哥革命(中心)到現代(右)。壁畫中的傑出人物包括:西班牙征服者埃爾南·科爾特斯(HernánCortés),他發起了阿茲特克帝國的垮台;高級胡安娜,十七世紀的修女和墨西哥最著名的作家之一; PorfirioDíaz,在二十世紀之交的獨裁統治激發了墨西哥革命;以及法國占領後恢復共和國的貝尼托華雷斯總統。

壁畫的中心場景被描述為1895年墨西哥資產階級生活的快照 - 在PorfirioDíaz的羽毛軍裝中,在PorfirioDíaz的注視下,他們在周日與女士和男士們的散步。人們感受到不平等的感覺,這種不平等激起了墨西哥平民推翻獨裁者PorfirioDíaz並建立他們的獨立性。

壁畫的中心是Rivera的自畫像,與他的妻子,藝術家Frida Kahlo,版畫家和製圖員JoséGuadalupePosada以及Posada的Catrina Skeleton角色站在一起。卡特里娜是二十世紀初墨西哥的一個俚語,用來描述一位穿著歐洲時尚的優雅的墨西哥上流社會女性。

波薩達將拉卡特里娜描繪成一個骷髏被認為是對墨西哥精英的批評。 Rivera飾有精美的蟒蛇項鍊,飾有羽毛般的中美洲蛇神Quetzalcóatl,飾有La Calavera Catrina。



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